A friend of mine reached out to me recently asking me to help him apply for China patents for a new product. Apparently someone had approached him because he used to work for a FORTUNE 500 company in China and wanted to enlist his expertise. So my friend came to me, thinking IP protection was the place to start. I told him what I tell a lot of people, namely if you are going to be paranoid about losing your IP in China then you shouldn’t be doing business over there in the first place. It is simply one of the endemic risks of doing business there, much as mosquitoes are one of the endemic risks when you go camping.
My friend left China in 1997 and since his return to the US he has worked in Silicon Valley, doing non China-related stuff. I think he has forgotten that when you do business in China you cannot expect Western principles of transparency, accountability and integrity to apply there, because they often do not. In other words, just because you apply for and are granted a China patent does not mean that you will be home-free to manufacture your product in China without problems. Someone will always come up with something similar to your product and exploit a loophole in the Chinese patent application (which is a complicated and time consuming process) and there would be little you could do about it, short of costly international litigation. Are you going to be able or willing to do this? If you are a small business with a limited budget the answer is no.
I gave my friend the advice which I always give to others, namely to focus on securing IP in the country where you will be selling your product so as to protect your own market. If you have registered trademark and patent here in the US no one can sell your product but you. If you want to take your designs to China then don’t be overly concerned about IP and take refuge in the fact that unscrupulous individuals in China who are bent on appropriating someone else’s IP are usually focused on bigger companies where the payoff is much larger. When you grow that is the time to start worrying about IP and taking the necessary steps in China to protect yourself such as Trademark protection.
I have written a lot on this subject. Here are some other posts you will find useful.