Some things to consider when you have a new product and need a mold

Someone came to me with a new product the other day, an artistic and fanciful light fixture that they want to have made in China. They have tried to find someone to manufacture the product here in the US but, as you would expect, the cost is prohibitive.  The person has had some rough molds and prototypes made here and suggested that he could send these to China and have someone there run some samples for him and then maybe a small production order.  Not a good idea, I said.  There are a few things to consider here.

  • The molds this person has made might not be compatible with machines in China In fact, I bet this would be China vendor response were he to send the molds to China.
  • Compatibility of machines notwithstanding, vendors in China stand to make a good profit if they make a mold for a customer and they do not want to forfeit this profit.  And this is why when you get quotes for molded products the mold costs can be all over the board, so to speak. If you ask three vendors to quote on a mold, chances are their quotes will be off by thousands of dollars, because someone is making a hefty profit from the mold. I had project a few years ago for which I needed a mold and the quotes, for the same mold, were anywhere from $3,000.00 to $20,000.00.
  • If you send a vendor in China a mold you may not be able to get the mold back. You never know who you are dealing with and the vendor may just take the mold and start using it themselves.

If you do get your mold made in China make sure you know who you are dealing with because sometimes a factory will claim they own the mold, even though it is your design and you have paid for the mold.  There have been so many disputes like this over the years between SME’s and vendors in China that you just have to expect it to happen.  Just go over to the China Law Blog for some stories. To protect yourself you should have everything spelled out clearly in writing, as to who owns the molds and when they will be returned to you, and you should also be sure you have legal rights to your design before you ask someone in China to make the mold for you.

Finally, really the best way to do a molded product would be to have the CAD work done here in the US, including drawings and 3-D renderings, and then to send these to China so a mold can be made for you. In this way, you can project to vendors in China that you are serious about your product, for drawings look official and will show all proprietary information. Should any dispute arise with them you will have a record of your designs, what you would not have if you asked the vendor to do both the CAD and mold for you.

Needless to say, these are all costs you have to expect to incur if you have a unique product that you want to have manufactured overseas.  But if you can do it, it is worth it.

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